State of Rajasthan is the largest state in the country covering an area of 3,42,239 sq.km which is more than 10% of the total geographical area of the country. The status of water in the state is very critical. Rajasthan with more than 10.5% of the country's geographical area, supporting more than 5.5% of the human population & 18.70% of the livestock has only 1.16% of the total surface water available in the country. 2/3rd part of the state is a part of the Great Thar desert.
The total surface water available in the State is 21.71 BCM, out of which 16.05 BCM is economically utilizable. State has so far harnessed 11.84 BCM which is 72% of economically utilizable portion. In addition to it 17.89 BCM is allocated through Inter-state agreements.
- Drinking Water Catchment Area
The rivers of the state are rain fed and identified by 14 major basins divided into 59 sub basins.
Water Resources Department, State of Rajasthan
Rajasthan Investment Promotion Scheme (RIPS) 2010 | View Scheme
The RIPS 2010 scheme announces exemption from payment of various taxes to the extent and period as mentioned in the table below:
Under the twelth five year plan, the state government is committed to towards the following in coming years for which a provision of INR4394.54 crore has been proposed.
During the Twelfth Five Year Plan, the priorities will be as follows:
- Enhancing water use efficiency by reducing losses.
- Efficient utilization of water through people participation.
- Land development to improve water us efficiency.
- Capacity building for efficient utilization of land & water resources.
- Transfer of new technologies to farmers.
Some projects benefiting Rajasthan
- Narmada Project - The canal system in Rajasthan would provide irrigation in 2.46 lac hectare, drinking water facility to 107 villages & 2 towns. Outlays of INR1125 crore and INR225 crore are proposed in the XII Plan and the Annual Plan 2012-13. A target of creation of 11 thousand hectare CCA is proposed in the year 2012-13.
- Mahi Project - For the development of irrigation & power generation. This project would provide irrigation in 80 thousand ha. Rajasthan enjoys unequivocal right over additional 7.0 TMC storage available between 921 ft. (the revised FRL) and 915 feet (278.95 M).
- Bisalpur Project - To provide irrigation facility in an area of 81.8 thousand ha.and to provide drinking water to Jaipur, Ajmer, Beawar, Kishangarh, Nasirabad & other enroute villages. Construction of water courses in 39095 hectare and 14000 hectare area are proposed in the XII Plan and the Annual Plan 2012-13 respectively.
- Isarda Drinking cum Irrigation Project - Isarda Dam is proposed across the river Banas near village Isarda.
- Ratanpura Distributary - To provide irrigation facilities to cultivators of left over area of Sidhmukh&Nohar Irrigation Project.
- Rajasthan Water Sector Restructuring Project (RWSRP) - Improvement of selected surface irrigation system to improve performance efficiency. The project envisages strengthening of the existing irrigation projects up to designed standards.
- Gang Canal Modernization
- Yamuna Water Project (NABARD)
- Parwan Project
- Kalisindh Irrigation Project
- Dholpur Lift Irrigation Project
- Medium Irrigation Projects
- Gardada Irrigation Project
- Takli Irrigation Project
- Piplad Irrigation Project
- Gagrin Irrigation Project
- Lhasi Irrigation Project
- CAD Chambal, Kota
- Surface Minor Irrigation Projects
- Water Harvesting Structures
- Underground Water Department following works were proposed:
- Construction of sub-surface barriers/sub surface dykes etc. in the "overexploited" & "critical" category blocks.
- Construction of Roof Top Rainwater Harvesting Structures in all government & semi government buildings in urban areas and prominent buildings in rural areas.
- Storm Rain Water Harvesting along roads pavements in the prominent cities of the state.
- Recharge of wells in the fields of farmers by diverting the field water received from monsoon rainfall.
- Strengthening & monitoring network by replacing shallow wells by deep piezometers.
- Increasing frequency of water level monitoring, ensuring availability of realistic data. Post irrigation monitoring to be done in addition to existing pre & post monsoon monitoring to enable correct assessment of ground water draft from the aquifers.
- Mass Awareness Programme by publication and distribution of booklets/pamphlets regarding the water conditions in the concerned villages.
- Indira Gandhi Nahar Department - Outlays of INR18.90 crore and INR3.18 crore are proposed for the project in the XII Plan and the Annual Plan 2012-13 for adaptive research, soil survey,agriculture extension and anti logging and land reclamation activities.
State of Rajasthan has done substantial and significant work for the development of water resource in the state, below mentioned are hitherto a few but exhaustive list of accomplishments achieved by Govt. of Rajasthan as follows:
- Enactment of Ground Water Bill to regulate and control the development of ground water
- The State Govt. of Rajasthan has presented "The Rajasthan Ground Water Management Bill, 2006" in the Vidhan Sabha on 07.04.2006 and was referred to the Select Committee. The Bill is under consideration of the Select Committee. Creation of "Central Road Fund" funded by the central government to strengthen and widen the state highways and major district roads.
- Various schemes and projects have been launched to achieve the significant amount of self sustainability in the water resource preservation and optimally building up of the water resource infrastructure.
- While designing and formulating new dams and irrigations projects, 10% of water would be reserved for industrial and service sector use.
- Industries would be encouraged to reduce, reuse and recycle water for setting up treatment plans, benefits could be availed through schemes of GOI and GOR.
- Suitable projects for making water available to major industrial and investment regions would be undertaken, preferably on PPP mode.
Source: Website of Planning Dept, GoR